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习近平:坚持、完善和发展中国特色社会主义国家制度与法律制度

发布时间:2019-12-02 来源:求是 浏览量:2514
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    zaiguojitian,womenjiangyinglaizhonghuarenmingongheguochengli70zhounian。jintian,zhongyangzhengzhijuyi“xinzhongguoguojiazhiduhefalvzhidudexingchenghefazhan”weitijinxingjitixuexi,mudeshihuiguxinzhongguochengli70nianlaidanglingdaorenmintuijinguojiazhiduhefalvzhidujianshedelicheng,zongjiechengjiuhejingyan,jiandingdaoluzixin、lilunzixin、zhiduzixin、wenhuazixin,jixuyanzhedangherenminkaipidezhengquedaoluqianjin。

  zhongyangzhengzhijujuedingjinnian10yuezhaokaidangdeshijiujiesizhongquanhui,zhongdianyanjiujianchihewanshanzhongguoteseshehuizhuyizhidu、tuijinguojiazhilitixihezhilinenglixiandaihuaderuoganzhongdawenti。zheicijitixuexi,youliyuwomenshenrusikaozheigewenti。

  gurenshuo:“jingguoxumin,zhengqizhidu。”yisishuo,zhiliguojia,shirenminanranyouxu,jiuyaojianquangexiangzhidu。xinzhongguochengli70nianlai,womendanglingdaorenminbuduantansuoshijian,zhubuxingchenglezhongguoteseshehuizhuyiguojiazhiduhefalvzhidu,weidangdaizhongguofazhanjinbutigonglegenbenbaozhang,yeweixinshidaituijinguojiazhiduhefalvzhidujianshetigonglezhongyaojingyan。

  第一,中国特色社会主义国家制度和法律制度是在长期实践探索中形成的,是人类制度文明史上的伟大创造。建立什么样的国家制度,是近代以来中国人民面临的一个历史性课题。鸦片战争以后,延续了2000多年的封建专制制度已经腐朽不堪,难以应对日益深重的政治危机和民族危机。无数仁人志士为寻求改变中华民族前途命运的道路进行了努力,历经了从技术层面、社会革命层面、实业层面到制度层面、文化层面的反复探索,尝试了君主立宪制、议会制、多党制、总统制等各种制度模式,但都以失败而告终。

中国共产党第十九届中央委员会第二次全体会议,于2018年1月18日至19日在北京举行。中央委员会总书记习近平作重要讲话。 新华社记者 李学仁/摄

  zhongguogongchandangdishijiujiezhongyangweiyuanhuidierciquantihuiyi,yu2018nian1yue18rizhi19rizaibeijingjuxing。zhongyangweiyuanhuizongshujixijinpingzuozhongyaojianghua。 xinhuashejizhe lixueren/she

  womendangzichenglizhiriqijiuzhiliyujiansherenmindangjiazuozhudexinshehui,tichuleguanyuweilaiguojiazhidudezhuzhang,binglingdaorenminweizhijinxingdouzheng。tudigemingshiqi,womendangzaijiangxizhongyangsuqujianlilezhonghuasuweiaigongheguo,kaishileguojiazhiduhefalvzhidujianshedetansuo。kangrizhanzhengshiqi,womendangjianliyiyananweizhongxin、yishanganningbianquweidaibiaodekangriminzhuzhengquan,chenglibianquzhengfu,anzhao“sansanzhi”yuanze,yicanyihuiweizuigaoquanlijiguan,jianligejilifa、xingzheng、sifajiguan。

体育外围   xinzhongguochenglihou,womendangchuangzaoxingdiyunyongmakesizhuyiguojiaxueshuo,weijiansheshehuizhuyiguojiazhidujinxinglebuxienuli,zhubuquelibinggonggulewomenguojiadeguoti、zhengti、genbenzhengzhizhidu、jibenzhengzhizhidu、jibenjingjizhiduhegefangmiandezhongyaozhidu,zhongguoteseshehuizhuyizhidubuduanwanshan,zhongguoteseshehuizhuyifalvtixiyebuduanjianquan。

  dangdeshibadayilai,womentuijinquanmianshenhuagaige,jianquandangdelingdaotizhijizhi,jiaqiangrenmindangjiazuozhuzhidujianshe,wanchengxianfabufenneirongxiugai,tuidongshehuizhuyixieshangminzhuguangfanduocengzhiduhuafazhan,shenhuadangheguojiajigougaige,shenhuajingjitizhigaige,shenhuasifatizhizonghegaige,shenhuashengtaiwenmingtizhigaige,shenhuaguofanghejunduigaige,jianliguojiajianchazhidu,zhongguoteseshehuizhuyizhiduriquchengshudingxing,zhongguoteseshehuizhuyifazhitixibuduanwanshan,weituidongdangheguojiashiyequdelishixingchengjiu、fashenglishixingbiangefahuilezhongdazuoyong。

2019年11月2日至3日,中共中央总书记、国家主席、中央军委主席习近平在上海考察。这是2日下午,习近平在长宁区虹桥街道古北市民中心,同正在参加立法意见征询的社区居民代表亲切交流。 新华社记者 谢环驰/摄

体育外围   2019nian11yue2rizhi3ri,zhonggongzhongyangzongshuji、guojiazhuxi、zhongyangjunweizhuxixijinpingzaishanghaikaocha。zheishi2rixiawu,xijinpingzaizhangningquhongqiaojiedaogubeishiminzhongxin,tongzhengzaicanjialifayijianzhengxundeshequjumindaibiaoqinqiejiaoliu。 xinhuashejizhe xiehuanchi/she

  shijianzhengming,womendangbamakesizhuyijibenyuanlitongzhongguojutishijijieheqilai,zaigulaodedongfangdaguojianliqibaozhengyiwanrenmindangjiazuozhudexinxingguojiazhidu,shizhongguoteseshehuizhuyizhiduchengweijuyouxianzhuyouyuexingheqiangdashengminglidezhidu,baozhangwoguochuangzaochujingjikuaisufazhan、shehuizhangqiwendingdeqiji,yeweifazhanzhongguojiazouxiangxiandaihuatigonglequanxinxuanze,weirenleitansuojianshegenghaoshehuizhidugongxianlezhongguozhihuihezhongguofangan。

  第二,中国特色社会主义国家制度和法律制度是被实践证明了的科学制度体系,具有显著优势。中国特色社会主义国家制度和法律制度,植根于中华民族5000多年文明史所积淀的深厚历史文化传统,吸收借鉴了人类制度文明有益成果,经过了长期实践检验。

体育外围   xinzhongguochenglizhichu,maozedongtongzhijiumanhuaixinxindishuo:“yiqieshishidouzhengming:womenderenminminzhuzhuanzhengdezhidu,jiaozhizibenzhuyiguojiadezhengzhizhidujuyoujidadeyouyuexing。zaizheizhongzhidudejichushang,woguorenminnenggoufahuiqiwuqiongwujindeliliang。zheizhongliliang,shirenhedirensuobunengzhanshengde。”gaigekaifangchuqi,dengxiaopingtongzhizhichu:“womendedangherenminyuxuefendouduonian,jianlileshehuizhuyizhidu。jinguanzheigezhiduhaibuwanshan,youzaoshoulepohuai,danshiwulunruhe,shehuizhuyizhiduzongbiruorouqiangshi、sunrenlijidezibenzhuyizhiduhaodeduo。womendezhidujiangyitiantianwanshanqilai,tajiangxishouwomenkeyicongshijiegeguoxishoudejinbuyinsu,chengweishijieshangzuihaodezhidu。zheishizibenzhuyisuojueduibukenengzuodaode。”

  zhongguoteseshehuizhuyiguojiazhiduhefalvzhiduzaishijianzhongxianshichujudayoushi,yixiajigefangmianzuiweizhongyao。yishijianchidangdelingdaodeyoushi。70nianlai,zhengshiyinweishizhongzaidangdelingdaoxia,jizhongliliangbandashi,guojiatongyiyouxiaozuzhigexiangshiye、kaizhangexianggongzuo,cainengchenggongyingduiyixiliezhongdafengxiantiaozhan、kefuwushujiannanxianzu,shizhongyanzhezhengquefangxiangwenbuqianjin。ershibaozhengrenmindangjiazuozhudeyoushi。womenguojiademingcheng,womengejiguojiajiguandemingcheng,douguanyi“renmin”dechenghao,zheishiwoguoshehuizhuyiguojiazhengquandejibendingwei。woguoguojiazhidushenshenzhigenyurenminzhizhong,nenggouyouxiaotixianrenminyizhi、baozhangrenminquanyi、jifarenminchuangzaoli。sanshijianchiquanmianyifazhiguodeyoushi。jianchiyifazhiguo,jianchifazhiguojia、fazhizhengfu、fazhishehuiyitijianshe,weijiefanghezengqiangshehuihuoli、cujinshehuigongpingzhengyi、weihushehuihexiewending、quebaodangheguojiazhangzhijiuanfahuilezhongyaozuoyong。sishishixingminzhujizhongzhideyoushi。minzhujizhongzhishiwoguoguojiazuzhixingshihehuodongfangshidejibenyuanze,shiwoguoguojiazhidudetuchutedian。zaidangdelingdaoxia,geguojiajiguanshiyigetongyizhengti,jihelifengong,youmiqiexiezuo,jichongfenfayangminzhu,youyouxiaojinxingjizhong,kefuleyierbujue、jueerbuxing、xingerbushidengbuliangxianxiang,bimianlexianghuchezhou、xiaolvdixiadebiduan。

体育外围   hengliangyigeshehuizhidushifoukexue、shifouxianjin,zhuyaokanshifoufuheguoqing、shifouyouxiaoguanyong、shifoudedaorenminyonghu。zhongguoteseshehuizhuyiguojiazhiduhefalvzhidushiyitaoxingdetong、zhenguanyong、youxiaolvdezhidutixi。

  dangjinshijiezhengmianlinbainianweiyouzhidabianju,guoyuguodejingzhengriyijilie,guigenjiedishiguojiazhidudejingzheng。zhongguofazhanchengxianchu“fengjingzheibianduhao”dejumian,zheiqizhonghenzhongyaodeyuanyinjiushiwoguoguojiazhiduhefalvzhidujuyouxianzhuyouyuexingheqiangdashengmingli。zheishiwomenjianding“sigezixin”deyigejibenyiju。

  第三,中国特色社会主义国家制度和法律制度需要坚持好、实施好,也需要不断完善和发展。早在1949年,毛泽东同志就说过:“中共二十八年,再加二十九年、三十年两年,完成全国革命任务,这是铲地基,花了三十年。但是起房子,这个任务要几十年工夫。”1992年,邓小平同志曾经指出:“恐怕再有三十年的时间,我们才会在各方面形成一整套更加成熟、更加定型的制度。”我在党的十九大报告中提出从2020年到本世纪中叶分两个阶段来安排的战略部署,提出制度建设的目标是:到2035年“各方面制度更加完善,国家治理体系和治理能力现代化基本实现”,到本世纪中叶“实现国家治理体系和治理能力现代化”。

体育外围   womenyaozaijianchihao、gongguhaoyijingjianliqilaibingjingguoshijianjianyandegenbenzhidu、jibenzhidu、zhongyaozhidudeqiantixia,jianchicongwoguoguoqingchufa,jixujiaqiangzhiduchuangxin,jiakuaijianlijianquanguojiazhilijixudezhidu、manzurenminriyizengzhangdemeihaoshenghuoxuyaobibeidezhidu。yaojishizongjieshijianzhongdehaojingyanhaozuofa,chengshudejingyanhezuofakeyishangshengweizhidu、zhuanhuaweifalv。womenyaojijixishoujiejianrenleizhiduwenmingyouyichengguo,danjuebunengdongyaohuofangqiwoguozhidudegenji。

  “zongyouliangfameiyi,feiqirenerxingzhi,fanchengbizheng。”zhidudeshengminglizaiyuzhixing。xianzai,youderenduizhiduquefajingwei,genbenbuanzhiduxingshi,shenzhisuiyigenggaizhidu;youderenqianfangbaijizuanzhidukongzi、dacabianqiu;youderenbuganyebuyuanzunshouzhidu,jilitaobizhidudeyueshuhejianguan,dengdeng。yaoqianghuazhiduzhixingli,jiaqiangzhiduzhixingdejiandu,qieshibawoguozhiduyoushizhuanhuaweizhilixiaoneng。gejidangweihezhengfuyijilingdaoganbuyaozengqiangzhiduyishi,shanyuzaizhidudeguidaoshangtuijingexiangshiye。guangdadangyuan、ganbuyaozuozhiduzhixingdebiaolv,yinlingquanshehuizengqiangzhiduyishi,zijueweihuzhiduquanwei。

体育外围   yaojiaqiangduizhongguoteseshehuizhuyiguojiazhiduhefalvzhidudelilunyanjiu,zongjie70nianlaiwoguozhidujianshedechenggongjingyan,gouzhuzhongguozhidujianshelilundexueshutixi、liluntixi、huayutixi,weijiandingzhiduzixintigonglilunzhicheng。yaojiaqiangzhiduxuanchuanjiaoyu,tebieshiyaojiaqiangduiqingshaoniandezhidujiaoyu,yindaorenmenchongfenrenshiwomenyijingzouchulejianshezhongguoteseshehuizhuyizhidudechenggongzhilu,zhiyaowomenyanzhezheitiaodaolujixuqianjin,jiuyidingnenggoushixianguojiazhilitixihezhilinenglixiandaihua。yaojiehexinzhongguochengli70zhounianxilieqingzhuhuodong,jianghaozhongguozhidugushi,kuodazhongguozhidudeyingxiangliheganzhaoli,zengjinguojishehuiduiwoguozhiduderenshiherentong。

体育外围   (zheishixijinpingzongshuji2019nian9yue24rizaishijiujiezhongyangzhengzhijudishiqicijitixuexishidejianghua。)

 

体育外围         laiyuan:qiushi

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